信视行磐彝闻 有缆腿吕腿 衔巳梦拖膛倚茸叛嗜 雅遗

橡 疱牦痧屙蝽铎 箴噔龛忄龛 镱腓泐眍戾蝠梓羼觇 皴蝈 礤钺躅滂祛 篦栩囹 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌

v,. =-8as+8铖(+7,. (12.75)

钺疣蝽 忮耦 1/ , = / 沭箫矬 桤 溻篚 箴噔礤龛 (12.56) 爨蝠桷彘 钺疣蝽 忮耦 衺' (12.58).

橡 篦弪 箴噔礤龛 (12.75) 蜞赕 礤耠铈眍 恹镱腠栩 镱耠邃钼囹咫铄 纛痨桊钼囗桢 爨蝠桷 Q 镱 礤钺躅滂禧 躅溧.

铎 耠篦噱 爨蝠桷 觐翳鲨屙蝾 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 (12.58) 镳 铒疱溴屐铋 箸腩忸 蝾麝 t 纛痨箅 (6.12) 桁邋 忤 , = 22. 项铎 纛痨箅 箫痤弪 镳桀狃弪噱 忤: 沅 爨蝠桷 Z/ = Q.j , N, = 衺' + -Z*. 锑蝠桷 觐翳鲨屙蝾 镳 箧 铒疱溴脲眄 礤桤忮耱睇 觐铕滂磬蜞 矬黻蜞 s 桁邋 礤眢脲怏 觐腩黻, 疣忭簋 -2 , 溻 礤眢脲恹 耱铍狯, 疣忭 铗眍躐 滂疱牿桀眄 筱豚 磬 矬黻蜞 s t.

湾蝠箐眍 镱螯, 黩 恹麒耠屙桢 爨蝠桷 Z(T 镳 篦弪 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 (12.56) 礤钺躅滂禧 桦 桤猁蝾黜 躅漕 祛骓 恹镱腠栩 镱 钿眍 蝾 驽 纛痨箅, 羼腓 镳 篦弪 礤钺躅滂祛泐 躅溧 爨蝠桷 Qt_x 玎镨襦螯 忤溴:

翌沅 犭铌 ( = 觐翳鲨屙蝾 镳 镱镳噔赅 觐铕滂磬 蜞赕 狍溴 篦囫蜮钼囹 恹麒耠屙梃 爨蝠桷 ZJ = ,_1, 眍 礤 铌噫弪 怆龛 磬 疱珞朦蜞 桤-玎 磬腓麒 眢脲 爨蝠桷 Qj_l.

亦觇 钺疣珙, 疣珉梓桢 篦弪 礤钺躅滂禧 桤猁蝾黜 躅漕 狍溴 腓 蝾, 黩 镱耠邃礤 耠篦噱 镳桁屙弪 纛痨箅 (12.52) 恹麒耠屙桢 钺疣蝽铋 爨蝠桷 N,, 镥疴铎 耠篦噱 铐 礤 钺疣弪. 锑蝠桷 Z 忭铖栩 溻 耱铍狯, 铗眍躐 矬黻蝮 t, 爨蝠桷 /V2x2 耱囗钼栩 滂嚆铐嚯 犭铌铎 爨蝠桷 Q,.

橡 篦弪 桤猁蝾黜 躅漕 箐噱蝰 恹镱腠栩 觐眚痤朦 沭筢 铠栳铌.

赅麇耱忮 镳桁屦 疱牦痧屙蝽钽 箴噔龛忄龛 忭钼 钺疣蜩祚 躅潴 (痂. 12.8).

蔓镱腠桠 疱牦痧屙蝽铄 箴噔龛忄龛 耥圜嚯 蝾朦觐 筱腩恹 桤戾疱龛, . . 篦栩 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 (12.55) 礤钺躅滂祛 潆 躅溧 1 玎蝈 桤猁蝾黜铄 潆 躅溧 2, 镱塍麒 爨蝠桷

f157000

佩 眢脲恹 犭铌 铗眍蝰 觐铕滂磬蜞 箸腩忸 蝾麝. 项耠 钽 篦栩噱 箴噔礤龛 (12.56) 潆 躅溧 1 爨蝠桷彘 觐翳鲨屙蝾

1,454x10-3

恹麒耠屐 爨蝠桷 Zr = QUAT

锑蝠桷 N 狍溴 蜞 (12.76) 镳桠钿栩 爨蝠桷

蜞觐: N = 1 + AZT

  • 1,038 0
  • 0 3
  • (228,276 (

. 橡桁屙屙桢 纛痨箅

fl 57000

  • -228,276 0^
  • 1,038 0
  • 3

务蜞弪 蝾朦觐 篦羼螯 箴噔礤龛 (12.56) 桤猁蝾黜钽 躅溧 2 爨蝠桷彘 觐

翳鲨屙蝾 =

1,454 蹀3

1 ')

I. 疱珞朦蜞蝈 镱塍麒 忮牝铕

ZT = , = 爨蝠桷

N = -' +AZ

'-456,554 '

1,370

3,

2,740 '

6

(邋 屐屙螓 礤钺躅滂禧 潆 觐眚痤 沭筢 铠栳铌) 钺疣蝽簋 爨蝠桷

, 70,365 0

N =

0 0,1667j

袜觐礤, 镱 纛痨箅 Q2 = Q - ZN 'Zr 磬躅滂 桉觐祗 爨蝠桷

'81340 -0,856

Q2 = 0.354

  • 0 '
  • 0
  • 1,5,
  • (蜞觐 驽 疱珞朦蜞 蝾黜铖螯 漕 镱沭屮眍耱彘 恹麒耠屙栝 猁 镱塍麇 疣礤).

蔓镱腠桁 蜞赕 恹麒耠屙 桧铋 纛痨.

碾 礤钺躅滂祛泐 躅溧 1 镳桁屙桁 纛痨箅 (6.12), 觐蝾疣 篦弪铎 蝾泐, 黩 矬黻 1 徨珙犷黜, 镳桁弪 忤

Q =

a 'Na .

(12.78)

锑蝠桷

' 1

0 '

=

1,454x103

1 0

k 0

J'

滂嚆铐嚯 爨蝠桷 N = 1 = | 15 103 0,706 3}. 吾疣 爨蝠桷 , 镱塍麒 疱珞朦蜞:

' 1 鄴1 = 0,0015

'

  • 0
  • 1,

. 0

疱珞朦蜞蝈 镥疱祉铈屙 爨蝠桷 (12,78) 磬殇屐 爨蝠桷:

'315 蹀3

, = -472,5

  • -472,5 '
  • 1,416 0
  • 0 3>

泥脲, 篦栩 镱 疱牦痧屙蝽铋 纛痨箅 潆 桤猁蝾黜 桤戾疱龛 蝠 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 躅溧 2 爨蝠桷囔 觐翳鲨屙蝾: 1. = (1 0 0), 2. = (-1,454103 1 ), = (0 0 1), 铒篑赅 镳铎彐篁铟睇 恹麒耠屙

(镳桠邃屐 蝾朦觐 忮腓麒睇 Nt = 630000, N2 = 2,787, N3 =6, 觐蝾瘥 礤钺躅滂禧 潆 觐眚痤 沭筢 铠栳铌 疋钺钿睇 麟屙钼 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌), 镱塍麒

铌铐鬣蝈朦睇 疱珞朦蜞 f79831 -1,8

0,354

(2 ?

1,5,

青戾蜩, 黩 羼腓 镳桧螯 忮 4 = 1, 蝾 镱塍麒, 黩 Qx = 0,475, 黩 镳桠钿栩 礤觐蝾痤祗 磬痼龛 耱痤泐耱 疱龛 玎溧麒 (躅 礤珥圜栩咫铎). 觏桡 [2] 镳桠邃屙 纛痨箅 潆 铞屙觇 蝾黜铖蜩 觐铕滂磬 矬黻蝾 祛溴脲 镱腓泐眍戾蝠梓羼觇 皴蝈, 耦耱 桤 恹眢螓 疣忭 潆桧囔 耱铕铐 躅漕 潆 铞屙觇 蝾黜铖蜩 怦艴 屐屙蝾 铗溴朦睇 躅漕.

暑铕滂磬螓 矬黻蜞 t 镳 篦弪 礤钺躅滂祛泐 躅溧 恹麒耠 镱 觐铕滂磬蜞 矬黻蜞 s 耋祆囔 镳桊帙屙栝 觐铕滂磬, 恹麒耠屙睇 镱 桤戾疱眄 筱豚 耋祆囔 耱铕铐. 唏眍, 黩 怦 疋钺钿睇 麟屙 , 1 1 蜞觐泐 躅溧 疣忭 眢膻.

篷腓 箴噔龛忄龛 恹镱腠弪 铒疱溴脲龛屐 耔耱屐囹梓羼觐 铠栳觇, 蝾 篦栩帼蝰 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 (12.65).

湾漕耱囹觐 耧铖钺 箸腩 箴噔龛忄龛 镱腓泐眍戾蝠梓羼觇 皴蝈 怆弪 蝾, 黩 觐铕滂磬螓 忭篁疱眄桴 矬黻蝾 躅漕 铖蜞 徨 铞屙觇 蝾黜铖蜩. 暑礤黜, 膻犷 桤 蜞觇 矬黻蝾 祛骓 皲咫囹 箸腩恹, 眍  镳桠邃弪 筲咫梓屙棹 蝠遽箦祛 镟蜩 萋.

绣牦痧屙蝽 耧铖钺 箴噔龛忄龛 镱玮铍弪 翦牝桠眍 疱螯  玎溧黧 耠邃簋 钺疣珙 (耢. 疣玟咫 6.3).

项耠 蝾泐 赅 皴螯 箧 箴噔礤磬, 桤 爨蝠桷 Q 恹溴腓 犭铌, 铗眍羼 箸腩恹 矬黻蜞 s t 躅溧 i s, t, 耦耱噔桁 桤 龛 爨蝠桷

- (Q QA

Q= ss sl . (12.77)

碾 龛忮腓痦 皴蝈 邋 镱漕 疣忮 2, 潆 镱腓泐眍戾蝠梓羼觇 皴蝈 6. 泥脲 镱 疱牦痧屙蝽铋 纛痨箅 箐嚯屐 桤戾疱龛, 铗眍羼

z-祗 躅潴, . . 篦栩噱 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 (12.75) 钺疣蝽 忮耦--飫

箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 (12.56) 爨蝠桷彘 钺疣蝽 忮耦 -, 1. 疱珞朦蜞蝈 镱塍麒 爨蝠桷 Q 潆 溻篚 箸腩, 觐蝾疣 桁咫 猁 戾耱 镳 箴噔龛忄龛 皴蜩 徨 钽 躅溧. 义镥瘘 礤耠铈眍 镱塍麒螯 爨蝠桷 潆 怦艴 忭篁疱眄桴 蝾麇 箸腩恹 矬黻蝾 s t, 篦栩 镱 疱牦痧屙蝽铋 纛痨箅 怦 桤戾疱眄 潆桧 耱铕铐, 磬镳噔脲龛 磬 箸腩恹 筱臌 磬 忭篁疱眄桴 蝾麝圊. 蔓麒耠屙 珥圜栩咫 箫痤 桤-玎 蝾泐, 黩 怦 桤戾疱龛, 牮铎 蝠艴 镱耠邃龛, 狍潴 礤钺躅滂禧扈. 疱珞朦蜞蝈 恹麒耠屙栝 爨蝠桷 Q 潆 箸腩恹 蝾麇 耦怙噤噱 爨蝠桷彘 (12.77).

疣犷蝈 [11] 镳桠邃屙 磬 琨赍 凛裳仁 镳钽疣祆 箴噔龛忄龛 镱腓泐眍戾蝠梓羼觇 皴蝈 镱 耧铖钺 箸腩 镱 疱牦痧屙蝽铎 嚯泐痂蜢 镳桁屦 箴噔龛忄龛.

赅麇耱忮 镳桁屦 疱牦痧屙蝽钽 箴噔龛忄龛 忭钼 钺疣蜩祚 躅潴 (痂. 12.8) 恹镱腠桁 邈 耠邃簋 纛痨.

碾 礤钺躅滂祛泐 躅溧 1 镳桁屙桁 纛痨箅 (6.12), 觐蝾疣 篦弪铎 蝾泐, 黩 矬黻 1 徨珙犷黜, 镳桁弪 忤:

2 Qx=a'NaT. (12.78)

锑蝠桷

' 1

= 1,454x10 3

'

1

L

滂嚆铐嚯 爨蝠桷 N = = |315103 0,706 鐋. 吾疣 爨蝠桷 , 镱塍

麒 疱珞朦蜞:

f 1

" = 0,0015

, 0

'

1,

疱珞朦蜞蝈 镥疱祉铈屙 爨蝠桷 (12,78) 磬殇屐 爨蝠桷:

(315103

Q, = -472,5

  • -472,5 '
  • 1,416 0
  • 0 3>

泥脲, 篦栩 镱 疱牦痧屙蝽铋 纛痨箅 潆 桤猁蝾黜 桤戾疱龛 蝠 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 躅溧 2 爨蝠桷囔 觐翳鲨屙蝾: = (1 0 0); = (-1,45410"3 1 0); = (0 0 1), 铒篑赅 镳铎彐篁铟睇 恹麒耠屙 (镳桠邃屐 蝾朦觐 忮腓麒睇 = 630000, N2 = 2,787, N3 = 6, 觐蝾瘥 礤钺躅滂禧 潆 觐眚痤 沭筢 铠栳铌 疋钺钿睇 麟屙钼 箴噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 镱塍麒 铌铐鬣蝈朦睇 疱珞朦蜞

79831 -1,8

Q2=Q = 0,354

  • 0 '
  • 0
  • 1,5,

镳嚓蜩麇耜 蜞觐 驽, 赅觐 禧 镱塍麒腓 镳邃簌屐 疣玟咫.

玎觌屙桢 铗戾蜩, 黩 疱牦痧屙蝽 耧铖钺 箸腩 (耢. 疣玟咫 6.3) 镱玮铍弪 蜞赕 铞屙栩 蝾黜铖螯 怦艴 礤箸腩恹 蝾麇 镱腓泐眍戾蝠梓羼觇 皴蝈.

有缆腿吕腿 雅遗 门翁乓腥着咽蚊 倚让瓮翁乓腥着咽蚊 腿屡巳形吕腿

羽噔龛忄龛 皴蝈 沐铎弪痂麇耜钽 龛忮腓痤忄龛 赅 磬栳铍邋 镳铖蜞 玎溧鬣 猁腩 镱漯钺眍 疣耨祛蝠屙 磬扈 疣玟咫 4.4.

茵桡铐铎弪痂麇耜桁 (沐钿彗梓羼觇) 龛忮腓痤忄龛屐 磬琨忄弪 戾蝾 铒疱溴脲龛 疣珥铖蝈 眍痨嚯 恹耦 矬黻蝾 矬蝈 桤戾疱龛 忮痱桕嚯 筱腩 v (珏龛蝽 疣耨蝾龛) 戾驿 龛扈 橡 铎 镳邃镱豚汔弪, 黩 礤钺躅滂禧 潆 恹麒耠屙 镳邂屙栝 恹耦螓 镳栳铕钼 i 钺牝钼 忤玷痤忄龛 銃 桤忮耱睇 镳屙遽疱汔屐 铠栳赅扈.

铖眍怏 箴噔龛忄龛 镱腩骅 纛痨箅 潆 恹麒耠屙 镳邂屙栝 戾驿 矬黻蜞扈:

h = stgv + i- v + f. (12.79)

卿羼 疣耨祛蝠桁 蝾朦觐 镳栳腓驽眄铄 疱龛 玎溧麒, 镱豚汔 疱麴嚓鲨 f 桤忮耱眍 徨珙犷黜铋 (耱痤泐 疱龛 玎溧麒 疣耨祛蝠屙, 磬镳桁屦, [13]).

羽噔礤龛 镱镳噔铌 潆 桤戾疱眄钽 镳邂屙 戾驿 矬黻蜞扈 s, b, t, 赅 沐铎弪痂麇耜铎 龛忮腓痤忄龛, 耦耱噔桁 忤溴

vt = + , + /, .

碾 篑蜞眍怆屙 忮耦 镳邂屙栝 磬殇屐 桴 滂耧屦耔.

项 纛痨箅 铞屙觇 蝾黜铖蜩 趔黻鲨 礤觐痧咫桊钼囗睇 桤戾疱龛 篑蜞眍忤, 黩

2,22 S2 (3[

= *9 +----- (12.80)

COS Dp

橡屙遽疱汔 镥疴 耠嚆噱禧 (12.80), 狍溴 桁弪:

赅麇耱忮 滂耧屦耔 邃桧桷 忮襦 镳桁屐 忮腓麒眢:

翌沅 忮

, =1/,2. (12.82)

泥脲 耠邃箦 恹镱腠栩 箴噔龛忄龛 皴蜩 沐铎弪痂麇耜钽 龛忮腓痤忄龛 忮襦扈 镳邂屙栝 (12.82).

 
项耢铗疱螯 铕桡桧嚯
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